Understanding the Judicial Court System


The judicial courts in the UK make up the judicial system that is designed to support all the enacted laws that govern the UK and give all citizens access to a fair hearing. The judicial courts interpret the laws as they apply to each individual case that they hear.

These courts also provide the mechanism whereby the citizens of the UK can be heard when they are in dispute. If a disagreement cannot be resolved amicably, the judicial courts are available as an unbiased and impartial judge.

In the UK the system is completely separate from the central government that enacts those laws that govern the country. The independence of the judicial court system is vital, ensuring that its verdicts are not influenced in any way. The judicial courts do not develop the laws in the UK - they only interpret the law as it stands.

The term ‘judiciary’ also applies collectively to the magistrates and judges that work within the system. These judges and magistrates are referred to as the ‘bench’. The legal year for the judicial courts starts in October with a judges’ procession. This event dates back to the Middle Ages. The Dean of Westminster conducts the 45-minute ceremony.

Perhaps the most striking thing about the courts is the robes that are worn. These have evolved over the centuries, but the wearing of the wig has remained one of the most distinctive parts of the process. In October 2008 the robes that are worn in court were changed, and now in civil and family cases the wig is no longer worn. The robes worn by circuit and High Court judges are still distinctive due to their bright colours – red in the case of High Court judges.

If you would like to obtain legal advice about the judicial courts, Caven can put you in touch with a local specialist solicitor free of charge. So, if you have any questions or would like our help in finding local solicitors please call us on 08001 221 2299 or complete the web-form above.

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